portrait of anne cudworth mrs johnston c1653 attributed to john hayls

PORTRAIT OF ANNE CUDWORTH, MRS. JOHNSTON c.1653: Attributed to John Hayls.



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Oil on canvas in good period frame.
The sitter, Anne Cudworth, dressed in expensive and fashionable finery was probably painted in 1653 to mark her marriage to Dr. Nathaniel Johnston, whose portrait is also on this website.
In the background can be seen the ruins of Pontefract Castle.
Nathaniel Johnstone M.D. (1627 1705) was an English physician, political theorist and antiquary.He was eldest son of John Johnston (d. 1657), by Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Hobson of Usflete, Yorkshire. His father, a Scot, lived for some time at Reedness in Yorkshire, and became rector of Sutton-on-Derwent.
Jonston proceeded M.D. from King's College, Cambridge, in 1656, having been incorporated at Cambridge M.A. in 1654 with a degree from the University of St Andrews. He was created a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians by the charter of James II, and was admitted on 12 April 1687. He practised at Pontefract, but took up the antiquities and natural history of Yorkshire.
Ralph Thoresby first made Johnston's acquaintance at Pontefract on 26 February 1682, and became a great friend and a correspondent. Johnston fell out of medical practice, moved to London in 1686, and became a High Tory pamphleteer. He lived at first in Leicester Street, next to Leicester Fields. The Glorious Revolution deprived him of prospects. He died in London in 1705. He owned at the time property at and near Pontefract, sold by order of the court of chancery in 1707.
Johnston had married in 1653 Anne, daughter of Richard Cudworth of Eastfield, Yorkshire, and had four sons, and a daughter, Anne. Of the sons, the eldest, Cudworth, was a physician in York, and died before his father in 1692. Cudworth's son, Pelham Johnston, (d. 1765), graduated M.D. at Cambridge in 1728, was elected a fellow of the College of Physicians of London in 1732, practised in London, and died at Westminster 10 August 1765.
JOHN HAYLS (Hales) (fl.1651-1679) was a portrait painter who studied under Miereveldt. He was a competitor of Lely and painted in the manner of Van Dyck, also being an excellent copyist of his portraits.
In 1666 Samuel Pepys, the famous diarist and Commissioner for the Royal Navy, had his and his wife Elizabeth's portraits painted by Hayls. Of the paintings he wrote:- "I am still infinitely pleased with my wife's picture. I paid him 14 for it, and 25s for the frame, and I think it is not a whit too dear for so good a picture. It is not yet quite finished and dry, so as to be fit to bring home yet. This day I begin to sit, and he will make me, I think, a very fine picture. He promises it shall be as good as my wife's."
Hayls died in Bloomsbury and is buried in St. Martin's Church.
SIZE: 34.00inch framed height 29.00inch framed width
PROVENANCE:By descent in the Dunn Gardner family, The Manor House, Chatteris, until removed in 1908 by Algernon Dunn Gardner, to Denston Hall and then by descent.
There it remained until it was removed by his daughter when the property was sold 30 years ago. It was then kept in storage until now.
VERSO: several handritten labels, one stating that the portrait was restored by L. Ruttley of Great Liverpool Street, London in 1908.
Internal Ref: 8794

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