soldportrait of princess henrietta anne c1662 studio of lely possibly john baptist gaspars

SOLD....Portrait of Princess Henrietta Anne c.1662; Studio of Lely, possibly John Baptist Gaspars


Price

POA

Item Ref

8601

Description

Oil on canvas mounted on board in a carved and gilded 17th century style frame.
A fine portrait of Henrietta Anne Stuart very similar, but reversed, to Lely's 1662 portrait in the National Portrait Gallery.
HENRIETTA ANNE STUART, Duchesse d'Orléans, third daughter of the English king, Charles I and his queen, Henrietta Maria, was born during the Civil War at Exeter on the 16th of June 1644. A few days after her birth her mother left England, and provision for her maintenance having been made by Charles she lived at Exeter under the care of Lady Dalkeith (afterwards Countess of Morton) until the surrender of the city to the Parliamentarians, when she was taken to Oatlands in Surrey.
In July 1646 Lady Dalkeith carried the princess in disguise to France, and she rejoined her mother in Paris, where her girlhood was spent and where she was educated as a Roman Catholic. Henrietta was present at the coronation of Louis XIV, and was mentioned as a possible bride for the king, but she was betrothed, not to Louis, but to his only brother Philippe.
After the restoration of her brother Charles II, she returned to England with her mother, but a few months later she was again in Paris, where she was married to Philippe, now Duke of Orleans, on the 30th of March 1661. The duchess was very popular at the court of Louis XIV, and was on good terms with the grand monarch himself; she shared in the knowledge of state secrets, but was soon estranged from her husband.
A year into the marriage, Henrietta gave birth to a daughter later baptised Marie Louise. The paternity of the child was doubted by the court who believed Louis XIV, or the Count of Guiche, to be the father. Henriette and Guiche had started an affair early in her marriage, despite his having been a former lover of Philippe.
In 1670, at the instigation of Louis, she visited England and obtained the signature of Charles II's ministers to the treaty of Dover; her success in this matter greatly delighted Louis, but it did not improve her relations with Philippe, who had long refused his consent to his wife's visit to England.
Shortly after returning to France, Henrietta died at St. Cloud on the 30th of June 1670. She was buried at St. Denis, her funeral oration being pronounced by her friend Bossuet, and it was asserted that she had been poisoned by order of her husband.
She left two daughters, Marie Louise, wife of Charles II of Spain, and Anne Marie, wife of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy. According to legitimist principles, the descendants of Henrietta, through her daughter Marie of Savoy, are entitled to wear the British crown.
JOHN BAPTIST GASPARS (working c.1641-1692). He was a portraitist and all-purpose painter; chiefly known for having painted "postures" for Sir Peter Lely, Court and Society portraitist, Riley and Kneller. He was a native of Antwerp and son of a painter; he was made Master at Antwerp in 1641/2.
Gaspars was in England by 1650 where he entered the service of General Lambert whom he taught to paint. From c.1660 he was a leading executant in Lely's studio, but was also allowed to work on his own.
SIZE: 32 x 25.5 inches inc. frame.
PROVENANCE: For the last 34 years in a private collection in Switzerland and then Sussex, England.
Internal Ref: 8601



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